Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of legal blindness in the elderly Caucasian population but is relatively rare in other races. The degenerative condition of the central retina (macula) only affects central vision, leaving peripheral vision intact.
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of acquired blindness among Americans under the age of 65. The great majority of this blindness can be prevented with proper examination and treatment by ophthalmologists (Eye MDs).
Glaucoma is a disorder associated with pressure in the eye and is characterised by damage to the optic nerve, with a consequent visual loss. Initially, visual loss is peripheral, but potentially blinding if relentlessly progressive.